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http://www.codas.periodikos.com.br/article/doipath/10.1590/2317-1782/20182018243
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Revisão Sistemática

Animal assisted therapy: systematic review of literature

Terapia assistida por animais: revisão sistemática da literatura

Patrícia Pupin Mandrá; Thaís Cristina da Freiria Moretti; Leticia Alves Avezum; Rita Cristina Sadako Kuroishi

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Abstract

Purpose: to verify the applications of AAT in health by performing a systematic review of the literature. Research strategy: a survey was carried out in four databases with the descriptors: animal assisted therapy, horse assisted therapy, speech therapy. Selection criteria: article published between 2010 and 2018, in Portuguese or English, free electronic access and that mentioned the characteristics of the intervention program. Data analysis: criteria: casuistry, area of knowledge, program characteristic, type of research, year and language of publication, nationality, periodical and impact factor. Results: 43 articles published in 30 journals, 16 with impact factor, were reviewed. Clinical studies prevailed (93.02%), 37.20% were from Medicine, the population studied had different diagnoses and ages, 55.81% with adults / elderly. AAT was used preferentially for physical rehabilitation (67.44%) and the main mediator was the dog, mentioned in 72.09% of the articles. Eight (n = 8) programs with a focus on communication intervention were described. Conclusion: There is scientific evidence on the use of AAT published in the period studied, in Brazil and in the world. The programs were used by different health and education professionals. The AAT goals were specific to the profile of the participants, and consistent with the characteristics of the mediator animal and the site.

Keywords

Animal Assisted Therapy; Autistic Disorder; Equine-Assisted Therapy; Speech, Language and Hearing

Resumo

Objetivo: Verificar evidências sobre aplicação da TAA na saúde realizando revisão sistemática da literatura. Estratégia de pesquisa: Foi realizado levantamento em quatro bases de dados com os descritores: terapia assistida por animais (Animal Assisted Therapy), terapia assistida por cavalos (Equine-Assisted Therapy), fonoaudiologia (speech therapy). Critérios de seleção: Artigo publicado entre 2010 e 2018, em português ou inglês, com acesso eletrônico livre e que mencionava as características do programa de intervenção. Análise dos dados: Critérios: casuística, área do conhecimento, característica do programa, tipo de pesquisa, ano e língua de publicação, nacionalidade, periódico e fator de impacto. Resultados: 43 artigos publicados em 30 periódicos, 16 com fator de impacto, foram revisados. Os estudos clínicos prevaleceram (93,02%), 37,20% eram da Medicina, a população estudada tinha diferentes diagnósticos e idades, sendo 55,81% com adultos/idosos. A TAA foi usada preferencialmente para reabilitação física (67,44%) e o principal mediador foi o cão citado em 72,09% dos artigos. Foram descritos oito (n=8) programas com foco na intervenção em comunicação. Conclusão: Há evidências científicas sobre o uso da TAA publicadas no período estudado, no Brasil e no mundo. Os programas eram utilizados por diferentes profissionais da saúde e educação. As metas da TAA eram específicas para o perfil dos participantes e condizentes com as características do animal mediador e do local.

Palavras-chave

Terapia Assistida por Animais; Transtorno Autístico; Terapia Assistida por Cavalos; Fonoaudiologia

Referências

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Submetido em:
18/09/2018

Aceito em:
29/11/2018

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