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http://www.codas.periodikos.com.br/article/doipath/10.1590/2317-1782/20192018077
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Os efeitos da bandagem elástica no músculo trapézio em adultos saudáveis

The taping method effects on the trapezius muscle in healthy adults

Andréa Pereira da Silva, Adriana Rahal Rebouças de Carvalho, Fernanda Chiarion Sassi, Marta Assumpção de Andrada e Silva

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Resumo

Objetivo: Verificar o efeito da bandagem elástica no músculo trapézio, por meio da eletromiografia e de um questionário autorreferido em adultos saudáveis.

Método: Participaram 51 adultos saudáveis, de ambos os sexos, na faixa etária entre 20 e 35 anos. Os sujeitos foram divididos em três grupos: G1, que utilizou a bandagem elástica com tensão; G2, que utilizou a bandagem elástica sem tensão; e G3, grupo controle, que não utilizou a bandagem. A aplicação da bandagem ocorreu no músculo trapézio, bilateralmente. Para a mensuração dos resultados, foram coletados sinais eletromiográficos antes, durante e depois do uso da bandagem, e foi aplicado um questionário qualitativo.

Resultados: Não houve diferenças significativas nos achados eletromiográficos antes e depois do uso da bandagem, em cada grupo e na comparação entre os grupos. Na confrontação G1 com G2, nos momentos antes e durante o uso da bandagem, foi verificada uma diferença estatisticamente significante na variável contração voluntária máxima do lado esquerdo. No questionário, a maioria dos sujeitos relatou sensação de relaxamento com o uso da bandagem.

Conclusão: Os sujeitos da amostra que utilizaram a bandagem não apresentaram diferenças estatisticamente significantes na eletromiografia. Em relação ao questionário, a maioria dos sujeitos pesquisados afirmou sensação de relaxamento após o uso da bandagem.

Palavras-chave

Fonoaudiologia; Eletromiografia; Sistema Musculoesquelético; Adulto; Sensação.

Abstract

Purpose: To verify the elastic therapeutic tape effects on the trapezius muscle in healthy adults, using data from surface electromyography and a self-reported questionnaire.

Methods: A total of 51 across sex healthy adults were enrolled in this study, whose age range was 20 to 35 years.. The individuals were divided into three groups: G1, who wore the elastic therapeutic tape applied with tension; G2, who wore the elastic therapeutic tape applied with no tension; and G3, control group, who did not wear the elastic therapeutic tape. The elastic therapeutic tape was bilaterally applied on the trapezius muscle. For measuring results, surface electromyography signals were collected before, while and after the elastic therapeutic tape was worn, and a qualitative questionnaire was applied.

Results: There were no significant differences in either pre- or post-electromyography findings within each group, or when groups were compared. When comparing G1 and G2 moments before and while the elastic therapeutic tape was worn, a statistically significant difference was noted during the maximum voluntary contraction variable on the individuals’ left side. When answering the questionnaire, most individuals mentioned a relaxing feeling while wearing the elastic therapeutic tape.

Conclusion: The individuals wearing the elastic therapeutic tape in this sample did not present any significant differences during the surface electromyography assessment. As for the questionnaire, most of the individuals investigated reported a relaxing feeling after wearing the elastic therapeutic tape.

Keywords

Speech, Speech-language Therapy; Electromyography; Musculoskeletal System; Adult; Sensation.

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Submetido em:
23/04/2018

Aceito em:
24/01/2019

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