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http://www.codas.periodikos.com.br/article/doipath/10.1590/2317-1782/20192018142
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Glendonald Auditory Screening Procedure (GASP): clinical markers of the development of auditory recognition and comprehension abilities in children using cochlear implants

Glendonald Auditory Screening Procedure (GASP): marcadores clínicos de desenvolvimento das habilidades de reconhecimento e compreensão auditiva em crianças usuárias de implante coclear

Bárbara Cristiane Sordi Silva, Adriane Lima Mortari Moret, Leandra Tabanez do Nascimento Silva, Orozimbo Alves da Costa, Kátia de Freitas Alvarenga, Mariane Perin da Silva-Comerlatto.

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Abstract

Purpose: To verify the influence of the age of implantation in the development of closed-set auditory recognition and auditory comprehension abilities in children using unilateral cochlear implants (CI), comparing distinct groups and determining clinical markers.

Methods: Participants were 180 children operated and activated until 36 months of age and who used a CI for at least 60 months. Abilities of auditory recognition in closed-set and auditory comprehension were analyzed through the GASP Tests 5 and 6. The influence of age of implantation was investigated with three groups of children: implanted before 18 months (G1), between 19 and 24 months (G2) and between 25 and 36 months of age (G3).

Results: There was no statistically significant difference when comparing the three groups. Children progressively developed auditory abilities, presenting auditory recognition ability together at approximately 41±4 months of CI use and auditory comprehension at 53±4 months.

Conclusion: There was no correlation between hearing performance and age of implantation for children implanted before 36 months of age. For the abilities of auditory recognition and comprehension, the clinical marker was 41±4 and 53±4 months of auditory age, respectively. Therefore, it is expected that, around 60 months of CI use, children implanted during the sensitive period can understand speech without the aid of orofacial reading, reaching the most complex hearing abilities.

Keywords

Cochlear Implantation; Child; Perception of Speech; Hearing Loss; Longitudinal Studies.

Resumo

Objetivo: Verificar a influência da idade de implantação no desenvolvimento das habilidades de reconhecimento auditivo em conjunto fechado e compreensão auditiva em crianças usuárias de implante coclear unilateral, comparando grupos distintos e determinar os marcadores clínicos de desenvolvimento destas habilidades.

Método: Participaram do estudo 180 crianças operadas e ativadas até os 36 meses de idade e que utilizaram o IC durante, no mínimo, 60 meses. Foram analisadas as habilidades de reconhecimento auditivo em conjunto fechado e compreensão auditiva por meio das Provas 5 e 6 do GASP. Para investigar a influência da idade na implantação, as crianças foram divididas em três grupos: implantadas antes dos 18 meses (G1), entre 19 e 24 meses (G2) e entre 25 e 36 meses de idade (G3).

Resultados: Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante quando comparados os três grupos. As crianças desenvolveram progressivamente as habilidades auditivas, apresentando a habilidade de reconhecimento auditivo em conjunto fechado por volta dos 41±4 meses de uso do IC e a de compreensão auditiva por volta dos 53±4 meses.

Conclusão: Não houve correlação entre o desempenho auditivo e a idade de implantação para as crianças implantadas antes dos 36 meses de idade. Para as habilidades de reconhecimento e compreensão auditivas, o marcador clínico foi aos 41±4 e aos 53±4 meses de idade auditiva, respectivamente. Para tanto, espera-se que, por volta dos 60 meses de uso do IC, as crianças implantadas durante o período sensível possam compreender a fala sem o auxílio da leitura orofacial, alcançando as habilidades auditivas mais complexas.

Palavras-chave

Implante Coclear; Criança; Percepção da Fala; Perda Auditiva; Estudos Longitudinais.

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Submetido em:
28/07/2018

Aceito em:
08/01/2019

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