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http://www.codas.periodikos.com.br/article/doipath/10.1590/2317-1782/20192018181
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Measurement of listening effort using of a dual-task paradigm of Brazilian Portuguese: a pilot study

Mensuração do esforço auditivo com o uso de um paradigma de tarefa dupla do Português Brasileiro: estudo-piloto

Laura Mochiatti Guijo; Mirella Boaglio Horiuti; Ana Cláudia Vieira Cardoso.

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Abstract

Purpose: To measure listening effort using of a dual-task paradigm of working memory and analyze the clinical significance of the normal-hearing individuals’ performance. Methods: Participants were 10 young adults with similar socio-cultural level, aged 18-30 years, of both genders, classified as normal-hearing individuals based on the quadritonal average (500, 1000, 2000 and 4000 Hz). The participants were submitted to audiological anamnesis, meatoscopy, and pure tone audiometry. Listening effort was measured using a dual-task paradigm comprising the tasks of speech perception and working memory with logatomes, real words, and meaningless sentences. Prior to measurement, the dual-task paradigm was carried out in audiometric booth in order to train the participants to perform the tasks properly. After the training stage, this paradigm was conducted under two different hearing situations with white noise: signal-to-noise ratios of +5 and -5dB. Results: Performance comparison per ear, right or left, for the two signal-to-noise ratios significantly influenced the speech perception tasks with logatomes and meaningless sentences in both ears; however, significant difference was observed only for the right ear in the tasks of listening effort and working memory. Conclusion: Listening effort can be measured using the paradigm proposed, and this instrument was proven sensitive for the quantification of this auditory parameter.

Keywords

Hearing, Listening Effort, Auditory Perception, Auditory Tests, Memory, Cognition.

Resumo

Objetivo: Mensurar o esforço auditivo com o uso de um paradigma de tarefa dupla de memória operacional e analisar a significância clínica do desempenho de indivíduos normo-ouvintes. Método: Participaram 10 adultos jovens, entre 18 e 30 anos, de ambos os gêneros, normo-ouvintes classificados segundo a média quadritonal (500, 1000, 2000 e 4000Hz) e com nível sociocultural similar. Os participantes foram submetidos à anamnese audiológica, meatoscopia e audiometria tonal limiar. Para a mensuração do esforço auditivo, utilizou-se um paradigma de tarefa dupla, composto por tarefas de percepção de fala e memória operacional de logatomas, palavras reais e sentenças sem sentido. Anteriormente à mensuração, o paradigma de tarefa dupla foi realizado no silêncio com o intuito de treinar os participantes a desempenharem as tarefas adequadamente. Após a fase de treinamento, este paradigma foi realizado em duas situações de escuta distintas, nas relações sinal/ruído de +5 e -5dB, com o ruído do tipo White Noise. Resultados: A comparação do desempenho por orelha, direita ou esquerda, nas duas relações sinal-ruído demonstrou efeito significante para as tarefas de percepção de fala de logatomas e sentenças sem sentido em ambas as orelhas, porém para a tarefa de esforço auditivo e memória operacional houve diferença significante apenas para a orelha direita. Conclusão: Foi possível mensurar o esforço auditivo com o uso do paradigma proposto e este instrumento demonstrou ser sensível para a quantificação deste parâmetro auditivo.

Palavras-chave

Audição, Esforço Auditivo, Percepção Auditiva, Testes Auditivos, Memória, Cognição.

Referências

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Submetido em:
17/07/2018

Aceito em:
07/01/2019

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