CoDAS
http://www.codas.periodikos.com.br/article/doipath/10.1590/2317-1782/20192018197
CoDAS
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Oral narrative structure and coherence of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Estrutura e coerência da narrativa oral de crianças com transtorno de déficit de atenção e hiperatividade

Mariana Pereira Zenaro; Natalia Freitas Rossi; Ana Luiza Decanini Miranda de Souza; Célia Maria Giacheti.

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Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to characterize and compare the use of typical story grammar elements and global coherence level in the oral narrative of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder with the narrative of children without the disorder and with typical development. Methods: A total of 40 children of both sexes aged 5 to 10 years who attended elementary school participated in the study, 20 of whom were diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD Group), and 20 with typical development (TD Group). Participants from each group were similar in sex, chronological age, schooling and socioeconomic status. The wordless picture book Frog, Where Are You? was used to elicit the oral narrative analyzed for the presence of the main typical elements of the story schema (character, theme/topic, event/plot and outcome), and afterwards their narration was classified according to four different levels of organization corresponding to the global story coherence level. Results: The ADHD Group presented lower scores on the structural elements “theme/ topic” and “outcome” and a narrative with lower degree of coherence compared to the TD Group. Conclusion: The children with ADHD included in this study presented difficulties to use typical story grammar elements, mainly related to the maintenance of the central theme and outcome of the story. These elements are considered fundamental for construction of narrative coherence, which justifies the lower levels of global coherence found in the oral narrative of the ADHD Group

Keywords

Narration; Children’s Language; Language Development; Developmental Disabilities; Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity

Resumo

Objetivo: O objetivo do estudo foi caracterizar e comparar o uso de elementos típicos da gramática de história e o nível de coerência global na narrativa oral de crianças com Transtorno de Déficit de Atenção e Hiperatividade à narrativa de crianças sem o transtorno e com desenvolvimento típico. Método: Participaram 40 crianças com idade entre 5 e 10 anos, de ambos os sexos, que frequentavam o ensino fundamental, sendo 20 com diagnóstico de Transtorno de Déficit de Atenção e Hiperatividade (Grupo TDAH) e 20 com desenvolvimento típico (Grupo TD). Os participantes de cada grupo eram semelhantes quanto ao sexo, idade cronológica, escolaridade e nível socioeconômico. O livro “Frog Where Are You?” foi utilizado para eliciar a narrativa oral de história, que foi analisada quanto à presença dos principais elementos típicos do esquema de história (personagem, tema/tópico, evento/trama e desfecho) e posteriormente classificada dentre quatro diferentes níveis crescentes de organização, correspondendo ao nível de coerência global da história. Resultados: O grupo TDAH apresentou menor pontuação nos elementos estruturais “tema/tópico” e “desfecho” e narrativa com grau de coerência inferior quando comparado ao grupo TD. Conclusão: As crianças com TDAH deste estudo apresentaram dificuldades no uso de elementos típicos da gramática de história, principalmente relacionados com a manutenção do tema central e desfecho da história. Tais elementos são considerados fundamentais para a construção do sentido da narrativa, o que justifica os níveis inferiores de coerência encontrados na narrativa oral do grupo TDAH

Palavras-chave

Narração; Linguagem Infantil; Desenvolvimento da Linguagem; Transtornos do Desenvolvimento Infantil; Transtorno do Déficit de Atenção e Hiperatividade

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Submetido em:
28/08/2018

Aceito em:
04/04/2019

5ddebb540e882503057279a1 codas Articles

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