Auditory training in autism spectrum disorder: a case report
Laís Ferreira; Ayra Renata D’Agostini; Fernanda dos Santos Pichini; Eduarda Pazini; Inaê Costa Rechia; Eliara Pinto Vieira Biaggio.
This study aimed to measure the effects of a Computer-based Auditory Training Program (CBATP) on an adolescent diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Central Auditory Processing Disorder (CAPD). This is the case report of a male, 14-year-old adolescent diagnosed with ASD. The individual was submitted to basic audiological evaluation, central auditory processing assessment and hearing electrophysiology (EP), pre- and post-therapeutic intervention. Central auditory processing (CAP) was assessed by means of the following instruments: Time-compressed Speech Test (TCST), Random Gap Detection Test (RGDT), Staggered Spondaic Word Test (SSWT), Frequency (Pitch) Pattern Sequence Test (FPST), and Duration Pattern Test (DPT). The P300 component of the Event-related Potential (ERP) was used in the hearing EP. Pre-intervention assessment of CAP showed changes in the auditory skills of closure, figure-ground and temporal ordering, but normal temporal resolution ability. Post-intervention evaluation of CAP showed improvement in all previously mentioned auditory skills, except for the figure-ground ability, which remained unchanged. Regarding the findings of the hearing EP, a decrease in the latency of the P300 component was observed pre- and post-intervention. This study demonstrated that the use of a CBATP resulted in improvement in the hearing abilities assessed in an adolescent diagnosed with ASD.
1 APA: American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. 5th ed. Arlington: American Psychiatric Publishing; 2013. [ Links ]
2 Denman I, Banajee M, Hurley A. Dichotic listening training in children with autism spectrum disorder: A single subject design. Int J Audiol. 2015;54(12):991-6. http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/14992027.2015.1070308. PMid:26642894. [ Links ]
4 Magliaro FCL, Scheuer CI, Assumpção FB Jr, Matas CG. Study of auditory evoked potentials in autism. Pró-Fono R Atual Cient. 2010;22(1):31-6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-56872010000100007 [ Links ]
5 Gução ACB, Romero ACL, Valenti VE, Cardoso ACV, Misquiatti ARN, Frizzo ACF. Auditory late responses in Asperger Syndrome: two case study. J Hum Growth Dev. 2014;24(1):49-3. [ Links ]
6 Sokhadze EM, Casanova MF, Tasman A, Brockett S. Electrophysiological and behavioral outcomes of berard Auditory Integration Training (AIT) in children with autism spectrum disorder. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback. 2016;41(4):405-20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10484-016-9343-z. PMid:27573986. [ Links ]
7 Nunes CL, Pereira LD, Carvalho GS. Scale of Auditory Behaviors and auditory behavior tests for auditory processing assessment in Portuguese children. CoDAS. 2013;25(3):209-15. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S2317-17822013000300004. PMid:24408330. [ Links ]
9 Pereira LD, Schochat E. Processamento auditivo central: manual de avaliação. São Paulo: Lovise; 1997. [ Links ]
10 Musiek FE, Zaidan EP, Baran JA, Shinn JB, Jirsa RE. Assessing temporal processes in adults with LD: the GIN test. In: Convention of American Academy of Audiology; 2004 Mar-Apr; Salt Lake City. Annals. Salt Lake City: AAA; 2004. 203 p. [ Links ]
11 Mustek FE, Baran JA, Pinheiro ML. Duration pattern recognition in normal subjects and patients with cerebral and cochlear lesions. Audiology. 1990;29(6):304-13. http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00206099009072861. PMid:2275645. [ Links ]
12 Souza AH, Ferreira L, Bertuol B, Simoni SN, Biaggio EPV. Long-latency auditory potential in children with typical development. Distúrb Comun. 2018;30(3):585-594. [ Links ]
13 Lovelace JW, Wen TH, Reinhard S, Hsu MS, Sidhu H, Ethell IM, et al. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 deletion rescues auditory evoked potential habituation deficit in a mouse model of Fragile X Syndrome. Neurobiol Dis. 2016;89:126-35. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nbd.2016.02.002. PMid:26850918. [ Links ]
14 Vatanabe TY, Navas ALGP, Mariano SPB, Murphy CB, Durante AS. Performance of children with reading difficulties after auditory training. Audiol Commun Res. 2014;19(1):7-12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S2317-64312014000100003. [ Links ]