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http://www.codas.periodikos.com.br/article/doipath/10.1590/2317-1782/20192018261
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Orofacial anthropometric measures in full-term newborns

Medidas antropométricas orofaciais em recém-nascidos a termo

Andréa Monteiro Correia Medeiros; Késsya Crislayne Ferreira Santos; Vinícius do Nascimento Santi; Felipe Batista Santos; Berta Raika de Sousa Sereno; Alline Rosiane Santos de Santana; Thalyta Prata Leite de Sá; Íkaro Daniel de Carvalho Barreto; Débora Martins Cattoni; Ricardo Queiroz Gurgel.

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Abstract

Purpose: To describe and compare the anthropometric measurements and the orofacial proportions of healthy term newborns (NB) according to sex, from a public maternity hospital in the state of Sergipe, northeastern Brazil. Methods: Descriptive and analytical randomized study was carried out. The participants included were 46 randomly selected healthy and full-term RNs of both sexes. A digital caliper was used to measure measurements (in millimeters) with the NB supine and occluded lips. Twice different, previously trained researchers measured each NB. Data were described using simple and percentage frequencies. The mean differences were assessed using the Mann-Whitney test, with a significance of 5%. Associations evaluated by the Fisher Exact test, and Cohen D size effects were calculated. Results: Differences were found between the groups for the anthropometric measurements: midface third height (glabella-subnasal or sn-g) and bottom (subnasal-gnathion or sn-gn); and filter heights (upper-lip subnasal or sn-ls), the upper lips (subnasal-estomus or sn-sto), and lower (stomatal-gnathion or sto-gn), which was always greater in males. The orofacial proportions studied did not show differences between sexes. Conclusion: The study showed the presence of sexual dimorphism for the measures of the face at birth in the population born in Aracaju, Sergipe.

Keywords

Face; Anthropometry; Body Weights and Measures; Newborns; Neonatology.

Resumo

Objetivo: Descrever e comparar as medidas antropométricas e as proporções orofaciais de recém-nascidos (RNs) a termo saudáveis, segundo o sexo, de uma maternidade pública do estado de Sergipe, Nordeste do Brasil. Método: Estudo randomizado descritivo e analítico. Participaram 46 RNs a termo e saudáveis, de ambos os sexos, selecionados aleatoriamente. Foi utilizado paquímetro digital para tomadas das medidas (em milímetros), com os RNs em posição supina e lábios ocluídos. Quatro pesquisadores foram previamente treinados, com cada RN sendo medido duas vezes por uma mesma dupla destes. Os dados foram descritos por meio de frequências simples e percentuais. As diferenças de média foram avaliadas através do Teste de Mann-Whitney, com significância de 5%. Associações foram avaliadas através do teste Exato de Fisher. Foram calculados tamanhos de efeitos D de Cohen. Resultados: Foram obtidas diferenças entre os grupos para as medidas antropométricas: terços da face médio (glabela‑subnasal ou g-sn) e inferior (subnasal-gnátio ou sn-gn); e alturas do filtro (subnasal-labial superior ou sn‑ls), dos lábios superior (subnasal-estômio ou sn-sto) e inferior (estômio-gnátio ou sto-gn), sempre maiores no sexo masculino. As proporções orofaciais estudadas não apresentaram diferenças entre sexos. Conclusão: O estudo apontou presença de disformismo sexual para as medidas da face ao nascimento na população nascida em Aracaju, Sergipe.

Palavras-chave

Face; Antropometria; Pesos e Medidas Corporais; Recém-nascido; Neonatologia.

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Submetido em:
25/10/2018

Aceito em:
04/04/2019

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