CoDAS
http://www.codas.periodikos.com.br/article/doipath/10.1590/2317-1782/20192019074
CoDAS
Artigo Original

Comparison of the immediate effect of voiced oral high-frequency oscillation and flow phonation with resonance tube in vocally-healthy elderly women

Comparação do impacto imediato das técnicas de oscilação oral de alta frequência sonorizada e sopro sonorizado com tubo de ressonância em idosas vocalmente saudáveis

Paloma Cristine Piragibe; Kelly Cristina Alves Silverio; Ana Paula Dassie-Leite; Daniela Hencke; Lorena Falbot; Kariane Santos; Yasmin Batista; Larissa Thaís Donalonso Siqueira

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Abstract

Purpose: To verify and compare the immediate effects of the voiced oral high-frequency oscillation (VOHFO) technique and the phonation into a silicone resonance tube in the elderly self-perception of vocal and laryngeal symptoms and in their voice quality. Methods: 14 elderly women, over 60 years old, performed the VOHFO and phonation into a resonance tube technique (35cm in length and 9mm in diameter) with one-week interval between both to avoid carry-over effect. Initially, all participants answered questions regarding the frequency and intensity of their vocal/laryngeal symptoms. Recordings of the sustained vowel /a/ and counting numbers were performed for posterior perceptual and acoustic analyses of the voice quality. The maximum phonation time (MPT) for /a/, /s/, /z/ and counting numbers were also obtained. After that, a draw lot established which technique (VOHFO or resonance tube) would be initially applied for three minutes. After the exercise performance the same procedures were carried out and the elderly women answered a self-assessment questionnaire about the effect of the techniques in her voice, larynx, breathing and articulation. Comparison pre and post each technique were analyzed using ANOVA, Wilcoxon and Mann-Whitney tests. The sensations after the techniques were assessed using the Chi-square test (p<0.05). Results: The comparison of both techniques showed decrease in roughness and improvement in resonance for counting numbers after the resonance tube and same outcomes post VOHFO. There were no significant differences for the other analyzed variables between groups. Conclusion: The phonation into a resonance tube exercise improves the vocal quality of elderly women. In addition, both exercises are similar regarding self-perception of vocal / laryngeal symptoms and sensations post three minutes of the technique, suggesting that VOHFO can be safely applied in voice therapy for this population.

Keywords

Voice; Voice Training; Elderly; High-frequency Ventilation; Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences

Resumo

Objetivo: Verificar e comparar os efeitos imediatos da técnica de oscilação oral de alta frequência sonorizada (OOAFS) e sopro sonorizado com tubo de ressonância na autopercepção de sintomas vocais/laríngeos e na qualidade vocal de idosas. Método: Participaram 14 mulheres idosas que realizaram as técnicas OOAFS e sopro sonorizado com tubo de ressonância de silicone, com wash-out de uma semana. Todas responderam questões sobre frequência e intensidade dos sintomas vocais/laríngeos; foram submetidas à gravação da vogal sustentada /a/ e contagem de números, para análise perceptivo-auditiva e acústica vocal. Foram extraídos os tempos máximos de fonação (TMF). Em seguida, sorteou-se a técnica a ser realizada: OOAFS ou tubo de ressonância, por três minutos em tom habitual. Após exercício, os mesmos procedimentos da avaliação inicial foram repetidos e as idosas responderam a um questionário de autoavaliação sobre os efeitos das técnicas. Os dados foram comparados antes e após aplicação das técnicas por meio dos testes ANOVA, Wilcoxon e Mann-Whitney; para as sensações vocais após técnicas, aplicou-se teste Quiquadrado(p<0,05). Resultados:Ao comparar as técnicas, verificou-se diminuição da rugosidade e melhora da ressonância na contagem dos números após tubo de ressonância e manutenção dos resultados após OOAFS. Não houve mais diferenças significantes para as demais variáveis estudadas entre os grupos. Conclusão: O sopro sonorizado com tubo de ressonância melhora a qualidade vocal de mulheres idosas. Além disso, ambos os exercícios apresentaram semelhanças na autopercepção dos sintomas vocais/laríngeos e sensações, sugerindo que a OOAFS é segura e pode ser empregada na terapia de voz nesta população.

Palavras-chave

Voz; Treinamento da Voz; Idoso; Ventilação de Alta Frequência; Fonoaudiologia

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Submetido em:
14/03/2019

Aceito em:
19/08/2019

5e6695500e88258f656705af codas Articles

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